The father of the railway: The Diolkos
The Diolkos was a paved trackway near Corinth in Ancient Greece which was used to transport boats across the Isthmus of Corinth. Instaed of circumnavigating around the Peloponnese peninsula, ancient Corinthian ships were quickly transported across the Isthmus.
The Diolkos had two main uses. The first was the transfer of supplies and goods. In times of war it also became a preferred means of speeding up naval campaigns. Approximately 3 1/2 to 5 1/2 miles in length, it is looked at the as the predecessor to the modern railway. Transportation across the Isthmus lasted from approximately 600 B.C. to 150 years after the birth of Christ.